Mary Tudor (Queen of France)

Female 1496 - 1533  (37 years)


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  • Name Mary Tudor (Queen of France) 
    Born 18 Mar 1496  Richmond Palace Richmond, Surrey, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Died 25 Jun 1533  Westhorpe Hall, Westhorpe, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Bury St Edmunds Abbey Cemetery, St Edmunsbury, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I738  King of Scots
    Last Modified 13 Feb 2009 

    Father Henry VII King of England (Lord of Ireland),   b. 28 Jan 1457, Pembroke Castle Pembroke, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Apr 1509, Richmond Palace Richmond, Surrey, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth of York (Queen of England),   b. 11 Feb 1466, Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Feb 1503, Richmond Palace Richmond, Surrey, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 37 years) 
    Married 18 Jan 1486 
    Family ID F297  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 18 Mar 1496 - Richmond Palace Richmond, Surrey, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 25 Jun 1533 - Westhorpe Hall, Westhorpe, Suffolk, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Bury St Edmunds Abbey Cemetery, St Edmunsbury, Suffolk, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Headstones
    Mary Tudor
    Mary Tudor
    Personal Collection

  • Notes 
    • Mary Tudor (March 18 1496 ? June 25 1533) was the younger sister of Henry VIII of England and queen consort of France due to her marriage to Louis XII. After his death, she married Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk.

      First marriage: Queen of France

      Mary was the fifth child of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, and the youngest to survive infancy. She was born at Richmond Palace. She and her brother, Henry, were close when they were children ? he named his daughter, the future Queen Mary, after her and the warship Mary Rose was also named in her honour.

      Known in her youth as one of the most beautiful princesses in Europe,[1] Mary was betrothed in December 1507 to Charles of Castile, later Holy Roman Emperor. However, changes in the political alliances of the European powers meant this wedding did not take place.[2] Instead, Cardinal Wolsey negotiated a peace treaty with France, and on October 9, 1514, at the age of 18, Mary married its 52-year-old King Louis XII at Abbeville. One of her Maids of Honour who attended her in France was Anne Boleyn. Mary was described by the Venetian Ambassador as " a Paradise- tall, slender, grey-eyed, possessing an extreme pallor". She wore her glorious silken red-gold hair flowing loose to her waist.[3] Despite two previous marriages, the king had no living sons and sought to produce an heir; but Louis died on January 1, 1515, less than three months after he married Mary, reputedly worn out by his exertions in the bedchamber. Their union produced no children.

      Following Louis's death, the new King Francis I made attempts to arrange a second marriage for the beautiful widow.[4]

      Even after her second marriage, Mary was normally referred to at the English court as "the French Queen", and was not known as the "Duchess of Suffolk" in her lifetime.[5] Mary spent most of her time at the Duke's country seat of Westhorpe Hall in Suffolk.[6]

      Relations between Henry VIII and Mary were strained in the late 1520s when she opposed the King's attempt to obtain an annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon, whom Mary had known for many years. She had developed a strong dislike for the future Queen, Anne Boleyn,[7] whom she had first encountered in France.[8]

      Mary died at Westhorpe Hall, Westhorpe, Suffolk on June 25, 1533, and was initially buried at the abbey at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. Her body was moved to nearby St. Mary's Church, also in Bury St Edmunds, when the abbey was destroyed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Her husband soon married their son's fiancée, who was also their ward, fourteen year-old Catherine Willoughby, by whom he had two sons.


      Children
      She and Brandon had three children:

      Henry Brandon, 1st Earl of Lincoln (March 11, 1516 ? March 8, 1534)
      Lady Frances Brandon (July 16, 1517 ? November 20, 1559), who married Henry Grey, 3rd Marquess of Dorset, and was the mother of Lady Jane Grey
      Lady Eleanor Brandon (1519 ? September 27, 1547), who married Henry Clifford, 2nd Earl of Cumberland.

      In popular culture
      Mary was portrayed by silent screen star Marion Davies in the 1922 film When Knighthood Was in Flower, reputed to have been, at the time of its release, the most expensive film ever made. It was one of Davies' biggest hits. Another fictionalized version of Mary's marital adventures is portrayed in the 1953 Walt Disney film The Sword and the Rose starring Richard Todd and Glynis Johns.

      She is also the subject of the novels Mary, Queen of France by Jean Plaidy, The Reluctant Queen by Molly Costain Haycraft, and Princess of Desire by Maureen Peters. The novel of When Knighthood Was in Flower, by Edwin Caskoden (the pen name of Charles Major) was published in 1898, and was the source material for both the Davies and the Disney films. She was also fictionalized in the historical fiction novel The Last Boleyn by Karen Harper.

      The drama series The Tudors portrays Mary and Charles's relationship, though the character is named Princess Margaret, and is a composite of Mary and her sister Margaret Tudor, portrayed by Gabrielle Anwar. Charles Brandon is portrayed by Henry Cavill. Many liberties have been taken with the story. For example, in the television series, Henry arranges his sister's marriage with the aged King of Portugal, not of France, in the late 1520s. Margaret/Mary then kills her husband. Another fictitious sub-plot has Henry making Charles Brandon Duke of Suffolk so the latter would be of appropriate rank to give away Henry's sister at her supposed wedding to the King of Portugal. In the story, the Tudor/Brandon marriage soon cools and no mention is made of their three children. Yet another discontinuity relates to Henry's sister dying before Wolsey (who died in 1530).

      Notes
      ^ Weir, Henry VIII, p. 169. Erasmus said of her that "Nature never formed anything more beautiful."
      ^ Weir, Henry VIII, p. 169.
      ^ Hester W. Chapman"The Thistle and The Rose"pgs172-173
      ^ Antonia Fraser, The Wives of Henry VIII, pp. 68-69.
      ^ Fraser
      ^ Weir, Henry VIII, p. 185.
      ^ Weir, Henry VIII, p. 310.
      ^ Weir, Henry VIII, p. 175. Anne and her sister Mary Boleyn were maids of honour in the entourage that accompanied Mary to France for her wedding.


      References
      W.C. Richardson, Mary Tudor: The White Queen, ISBN 0-7206-5206-5
      Alison Plowden, Lady Jane Grey and the House of Suffolk, ISBN 0-531-15000-3
      Maria Perry, The Sisters of Henry VIII: The Tumultuous Lives of Margaret of Scotland and Mary of France, ISBN 0-306-80989-3
      Alison Weir, Henry VIII: King and Court, ISBN 0-7126-6451-3


      Notes
      ^ Weir, Henry VIII, p. 169. Erasmus said of her that "Nature never formed anything more beautiful."
      ^ Weir, Henry VIII, p. 169.
      ^ Hester W. Chapman"The Thistle and The Rose"pgs172-173
      ^ Antonia Fraser, The Wives of Henry VIII, pp. 68-69.
      ^ Fraser
      ^ Weir, Henry VIII, p. 185.
      ^ Weir, Henry VIII, p. 310.
      ^ Weir, Henry VIII, p. 175. Anne and her sister Mary Boleyn were maids of honour in the entourage that accompanied Mary to France for her wedding.

      References
      W.C. Richardson, Mary Tudor: The White Queen, ISBN 0-7206-5206-5
      Alison Plowden, Lady Jane Grey and the House of Suffolk, ISBN 0-531-15000-3
      Maria Perry, The Sisters of Henry VIII: The Tumultuous Lives of Margaret of Scotland and Mary of France, ISBN 0-306-80989-3
      Alison Weir, Henry VIII: King and Court, ISBN 0-7126-6451-3


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