Uriah Davis, Sr

Uriah Davis, Sr

Male 1712 - 1768  (56 years)

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  • Name Uriah Davis, Sr 
    Suffix Sr 
    Born 1712  Middlesex County, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 13 Mar 1768  Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I57  Davis Family Tree
    Last Modified 18 Nov 2013 

    Family 1 Mary Watkins,   b. Unknown 
    Children 
     1. Susanna Davis,   b. Abt 1740-1760, Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 18 Nov 2013 
    Family ID F29  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Margaret Dixon,   b. 1711, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1767, Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Children 
     1. William Davis,   b. Between 1730-1739, Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Diane Davis,   b. Between 1740-1760, Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Rachel Davis,   b. Between 1740-1760, Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location
    +4. Abednego Davis,   b. Between 1740-1760, Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Mara or Maria Davis,   b. Between 1740-1760, Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location
    +6. Uriah Davis, Jr,   b. 1740, Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1808, Candler, Buncombe County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
    +7. Meshack Davis,   b. Abt 1749, Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Oct 1853, Gilmer County, Georgia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 104 years)
     8. Shadrack Davis,   b. Abt 1750,   d. 15 Dec 1813, Pasquotank County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 63 years)
    +9. Joshaway Hinckley Davis,   b. Jan 1762, Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aug 1849, Claiborne County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 87 years)
    +10. Solomon Davis,   b. Abt 1767, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 26 Nov 2013 
    Family ID F27  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1712 - Middlesex County, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 13 Mar 1768 - Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Documents
    Uriah Davis
    Uriah Davis
    Baltimore Families
    Uriah Davis
    Uriah Davis
    Convict Transportation Contract From Ancestry
    Uriah Davis
    Uriah Davis
    Trial for Theft. From The Proceedings of the Old Bailey; Londons Central Criminal Court 1674-1913
    Uriah Davis Will Page 1
    Uriah Davis Will Page 1
    From Maryland Register of Wills Books, 1629-1983, Baltimore Wills, 1763-1784, vol 003, Image 63 of 318 (Page 98). Taken from the probate records of the web site Family Search.
    Uriah Davis Will Page 2
    Uriah Davis Will Page 2
    From Maryland Register of Wills Books, 1629-1983, Baltimore Wills, 1763-1784, vol 003, Image 63 of 318 (Page 98). Taken from the probate records of the web site Family Search.

  • Notes 
    • U.S. and Canada, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s about Uriah Davis
      Name: Uriah Davis
      Arrival Year: 1732
      Arrival Place: Maryland
      Source Publication Code: 3700
      Primary Immigrant: Davis, Uriah
      Annotation: "Additions and Corrections," indicated in this index by the code A, are located on page xviii.
      Source Bibliography: KAMINKOW, MARION, and JACK KAMINKOW, editors. Original Lists of Emigrants in Bondage from London to the American Colonies, 1719-1744. Baltimore: Magna Carta Book Co., 1967. 2nd pr., 1981. 211p. (Available from Tuttle, Rutland, Vt.)
      Page: 42


      NOTE:

      Guidelines by the British Crown regarding moving convicts as temporary slaves "Convict Servant" to the Americas.

      With the transportation of any"convict servant" the Crown had previously acquired a "property in the service of the body of the convict" by the act of the sentencing or reprieving a prisoner to transportation. Under regulations, this property was then let to a merchant prepared to carry a convict across the Atlantic, and such a merchant in effect sold the convict servant for a market price. Skilled men fetched a better price than unskilled, women got a lower price. The merchant was sometimes obliged to carry older felons, and had virtually to give them away to whoever would take them. But the legal effectuality of the transportation was independent of the "servant's" sale price; the sale could not proceed till the effectuality of the transportation had been proved.

      Once the prisoners had been disposed of in the colonial labor market,the effectuality of the transportation was noted by colonial authorities. The colonial counter-signature was regarded and required at Treasury in London as proof of the equality of the transportation, then the merchant was paid his due. During the 1720s, possibly at the instigation of Jonathan Forward, the British Government began, or continued, to pay a bounty - £3 each for women, £5 each for men - as a continued incentive for merchants transporting felons across the Atlantic. But the payment of the incentive was often delayed.

      "Effectual" meant that all legalities were observed regarding the convict being delivered properly to North America and to legal authorities there. The felon was not allowed to return to England until their period of servitude-in-banishment completed. It meant that after delivery in England to a contractor, the prisoner was in the hands of private enterprise - mere fodder sold into the colonial labor market.This subsidy of transportation was all the interest the British Government took in felons after they were sentenced and put on a vessel. On the basis of the contracts they were given, John Stewart and Campbell later acquired a secure hold on the convict service their house did not relinquish until forced to do so by the American Revolution. Coldham regards Stewart as the most efficient contractor, providing greatest stability to the system.

      Intricate research by mostly American historians reveals some of the commercial complexities involved. ([57]) For example... Capt. Darby Lux and Thomas Peters of Glasgow were linked in the matter of the transportation to Annapolis and Maryland. Daniel Crawford, and his subsequent freedom being transacted after payment by one Govan (1728-1731).This was a not-unusual case of a convict regaining freedom by arranging for friends or other agents to "purchase" his or her period of servitude.([58]) Defoe had early identified this flaw in system in Moll Flanders,literally pouncing on it, almost with glee, because it provided such good opportunities for a picaresque plot. The problem Defoe pointed to was confusion about justice in the nature of the punishment. Was the punishment in being exiled, or being kept to servitude while exiled, or both? That problem remained to affect discussion, long later, of transportation-into-servitude to Australia.
    • I found this story in Ancestry. I ahve not been able to verify any of this except the fact that Uriah did come from EMIG: DATE FEB 1731/32 Patapsco merchant ship

      Uriah Davis was sentenced in February of 1732 to be transported from Middlesex, England to Annapolis or Baltimore,Maryland, He is said to have been sent on the PATAPSCOE or PATAPSCO merchant ship, which left England in April of 1732and arrived in Annapolis in October of 1732.

      Departing England April 1732 ship Patapsco Merchant Capt. Darby Lux for Maryland. (Coldham). Probably for Forward.

      It is believed Uriah Davis, being a ship captain already or close to that level at skill, purchased his freedom before even landing in America.

      The will of Uriah Davis of Baltimore,Maryland lists his children and wife(no last name). The will is dated October 31, 1767 and is re witnessed on February 1, 1768.

      It lists his time of death as March23, 1768. It also states that his widow renounces the Davises in the will and takes what the law gives her. A copy of this will is in the possession Neil Davis, and a copy of a court record where Uriah Davis was tried for begetting a bastard child on the body of Mary Watkins. It also lists his wife and children by name.

      In August of 1740 he was tried for"begetting a child on the body of Mary Watkins". This was in Baltimore, Maryland. His child with Mary Watkins may have been his daughter Susannah Davis.

      His will was written on October 31,1767 and names his land as Uriah's Abode and Uriah's Addition.

      It was proven on February 1, 1768,in Baltimore, so he died apparently in January of 1768.

      His wife is listed as Margaret, she later married a John Brown (by 1770). another ship captain in competition with him. Later went back to court and fought his will. That stated she got nothing if she remarried another man.

      Uriah Davis and John Brown having been Captains of schooners making trips from Maryland to Rhode Island and from Rhode Island to Barbados and from Rhode Island back to Maryland.

      Uriah as a ship captain:

      Vessel: Industry Company: Edward Arnold Captain: Uriah Davis 20 Tons, Square Ship Rhode Island to Newport 10 Oct 1750 Information from: Shipping in Annapolis from 1748-1775 History Book

      Later generations accounts his trade was sea captain with the regular route between Rhode Island and Maryland.

      Uriah's Children:

      All 11 of them where named biblicalnames, Soloman, Joshua, Rachel, Diana, Uriah, Shadrack, Meshach, Abednego and others.

      Finding evidence of Uriah Davis in England before court trial:

      Uriah Davies: 1743: Court Case: Mannors of Urishay and Michael Church Eskley Uriah Davis - he was a juror for the case.
      * this was in the time period of Uriah Davis still being in England, was it our Uriah Davis is unknown.

      John Williams - 1738 Will and Statement 17 July 1738 He left money for goddaughter Edith, daughter of Uriah Davis. Location: Michael Church Eskley

      Both of these documents suggest he may have been married before being banished to another women "Edith" and had children "Edith".

      Someone had a connection that he was married to an "Edith" which is possible, since that was the habit to name children after parents.
    • Please note that the following transcription preserves, as much as possible, the spelling and punctuation (or lack thereof) of the original document.

      For those not aquainted with the language of Wills, please also note the meanings of the following terms: Viz. = "that is to say" or "as follows." Impremis = "in the first place." N.B. (Nota bene) = "note well."

      Transcription of the Last Will and Testament of Uriah Davis, 31 Oct 1767. Maryland Register of Wills Books, 1629-1983, Baltimore Wills, 1763-1784, vol 003, Image 62 & 63 of 318 (Pages 97 & 98). Taken from the probate records of the web site Family Search.

      _________________________

      Last Will and Testament of
      Uriah Davis

      In The Name of God amen I Uriah Davis of the County of Baltimore in Province of Maryland planter Being of sound and perfect memory praized be the Lord for the same and knowing the uncertainty of this Life and the certainty of death do make and ordain this my Last Will and Testament in manner and form following that is to say first and principly I commend my sole to almighty God my creator in hopes of receiving full pardon and remission of all my sins and be saved by the merit and precious blood and death of my Blessed saviour Jesus Christ and my body to the Earth from whence it was taken to be Buried in decent and Christian mannor in the descression of my wife as herein after named and as touching such worldly Estate as the Lord in mercy hath Blessed me with I do hereby Give and bequeath as folloeth Viz Impremis I will that those debts and duties that right or Contions I owe to any mannor of persons shall be well and truly paid in Convenant time after my deceas by my wife hearafter named Item Give devise and bequeath unto my well beloved wife Margret Davis the Land we now live on as long as her nateral life or until the Day of Marage and no longer and allso all my personnal Estate as long as hur Nateral life or until the Day of Marage Item I Give devise and bequeath unto my well beloved son Sollomon Davis one shilling starling and no more I Give devise and bequeath unto my well beloved son William Davis one shilling starling and no more Item I Give devis and Bequeath unto my well beloved son Uriah Davis one shilling starling and no more I Give devise and bequeath unto my well beloved daughter Dianer Davis one shilling starling and no more after my wifes Death or day of marage my will and desire is that the Land above mentioned by the name of Uriars abode and Uriars adition to be sold both tracts to be sold and the money Equalle divided between my children as follos Viz Shadrek Davis Rachal Davis Mshak Davis and Abednego Davis and Mara Davis and Toskaway (Joshaway or Joshua) Davis and Susanna Davis and it is my will my wife Margret Davis should have hur thirds of the personnal Estate and no part of the prise of the Lands sold and it is will that there should be no adminisstration attall on this my Estate of this my Last Will and Testament and do declare this to be my Last Will and Testament In Witness whareof I the said Uriah Davis have herewritn set my hand and seal this 31st of October in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and sixty seven
      Uriah Davis (seal)

      Signed sealed and Delivered in presence of
      Richard R. Millor
      John R. Rston
      William W Cross


      The Wid. renounced the Devise in the will Feby 1st 1768 Then came Richard Miller John Reston & Wm Cross the three subscribing wittnesses to the Within Will and Being Duly and solemnly on the Holy Evangalist of Almighty God Depose and say that they and each of them saw the Testator Uriah Davis sign the sd will by making his mark that at the Time he was to the Best of their apprehensions of sound and Disposing mind & memory that each of them subscribed their names as wittnesses thereto by making their marks in the presence of the sd Testator and at his request sworn before
      William Young Deputy Commissary Baltimore County
      N.B. the Wid. Renounces the Devise in the Will and Takes what the Law gives her William Young
    • Old Bailey Court Proceedings
      Uriah Davis and John Edlin , of Hammersmith , were indicted for stealing 2 Heifers, value 4 l. 10 s. the Goods-of Marmaduke Bramly , Jan. 28 .

      Joseph Sleath . Davis brought the Heifers to Smithfield, and desir'd me to sell 'em for him. Edlin came with him, but stood at a little distance, and did not speak to me.

      Marmaduke Bramly . Those were my Heisers, and the same that I had lost. The Jury acquitted Edlin, and found Davis guilty .

    • Black Sheep of the Family

      Every family has a "black sheep" and Uriah is the one for the Davis family. He was born in England and is listed several times in the records for stealing and is called upon to be a witness for thiefs that he claims are caused by others. In one trial, he defended himself by saying, "I couldn't have stolen that, I was in jail at the time for another crime." His last trial in London was in April, 1732 and concerned 2 heifers stolen form Marmaduke Bramly. He was pronounced guilty and sentenced in Feb. 1732 to be sent to the colonies on the convict ship for his many crimes. This ship, Pataspco, carried prisioners from the Newgate prison in London. The records can be read in the books "English Convicts in Colonial America and Baltimore County Families in America."

      He is in the records of the colonies only once and that was for "begetting a bastard child" on Mary Watkins. His wife appears to have raised this child. Once in the colonies, Uriah became a ship captain and owner of sloops and schooners that traveled to Rhode Island, Baltimore, and Barbados. His partner was John Brown, who his wife married upon his death. Uriah's wife appears to have been "fed up" with Uriah and the children because she renounced the family and forfeits the will saying, " Will take what the law gives me." The children received the land and money.


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