Elizabeth de Burgh

Female 1289 - 1327  (38 years)


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  • Name Elizabeth de Burgh 
    Born 1289  Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Died 27 Oct 1327  Cullen Castle Cullen, Banffshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Dunfermline Abbey Cemetery (Holy Trinity Church) Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I288  King of Scots
    Last Modified 8 Feb 2009 

    Family Robert (The Bruce) Bruce (7th Lord of Annandale),   b. 11 Jul 1274, Turnberry, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 07 Jun 1329, Cardross, Dumbarton, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years) 
    Married 1302  Writtle, Essex County, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. David Bruce (King of Scotland), II,   b. 05 Mar 1324,   d. 22 Feb 1371, Edinburgh Castle Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
    Last Modified 27 Jan 2009 
    Family ID F123  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1289 - Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1302 - Writtle, Essex County, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 27 Oct 1327 - Cullen Castle Cullen, Banffshire, Scotland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Dunfermline Abbey Cemetery (Holy Trinity Church) Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Elizabeth de Burgh
    Elizabeth de Burgh
    Personal Collection

  • Notes 
    • Elizabeth de Burgh (c. 1289 ? October 27, 1327) was the second wife of Robert I of Scotland (Robert the Bruce).

      She was born in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland as the daughter of the powerful Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster and his wife Margarite de Burgh (d. 1304). Her father was a close friend of King Edward I of England.

      Elizabeth probably met Robert the Bruce at the English court, and they married in 1302 at Writtle, near Chelmsford, Essex, England. Robert and Elizabeth were crowned as King and Queen of Scots at Scone on March 27, 1306. This coronation took place in defiance of the English claims of suzerainty over Scotland, and the new King sent Elizabeth, with other family members, to Kildrummy Castle for safety under the protection of his brother Nigel (sometimes known as Niall).

      After the defeat of the Scots at the Battle of Methven on 19 June 1306, the English laid siege to the castle containing the royal party. The siege finally succeeded when the English bribed a blacksmith with "all the gold he could carry" to set fire to the corn store. The victors hanged and beheaded Nigel Bruce, along with all the men from the castle. They imprisoned Bruce's sister Mary and Isabel, Countess of Buchan in wooden cages erected on the walls of Berwick and Roxburgh castles, and they sent Bruce's 10-year-old daughter Marjorie Bruce to a convent. Due to Edward's unwillingness to anger the Earl of Ulster, Elizabeth went into house arrest in England.

      She was held from October 1306 to July 1308 at Burstwick-in-Holderness, Yorkshire and then transferred to Bisham Manor, Berkshire until March 1312. From there, she was moved to Windsor Castle until October 1312, Shaftesbury Abbey, Dorset until March 1313, Barking Abbey, Essex until March 1314, and Rochester Castle, Kent until June 1314. After the Battle of Bannockburn, she was moved to York while prisoner exchange talks took place. At York, she had an audience with King Edward II of England. Finally, in November, 1314, she was moved to Carlisle just before the exchange and her return to Scotland.

      She did not approve of her husband's rebellion: she described him and his followers as having been "like children, playing at being Kings and Queens." [1]

      Elizabeth gave birth to two sons and two daughters: John, Matilda, Margaret, and David (the future king David II of Scotland). Elizabeth died on October 27, 1327 at Cullen Castle, Banffshire and is buried in Dunfermline. Her husband died 20 months later.


      See also
      Wars of Scottish Independence
      References
      ^ Mortimer, Ian, The Greatest Traitor.


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