Governor Gabriel Slaughter

Male 1767 - 1830  (62 years)

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  • Name Governor Gabriel Slaughter 
    Title Governor 
    Born 12 Dec 1767  Culpeper County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 19 Sep 1830  Mercer County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Slaughter Family Burial Grounds Cemetery Harrodsburg, Mercer County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I272008483076  Eby/Aebi and Bernethy Family
    Last Modified 7 Sep 2013 

    Family 1 Sarah Slaughter,   b. Abt 1760,   d. 1797  (Age ~ 37 years) 
    Married 1786 
    Last Modified 7 Sep 2013 
    Family ID F246729427337  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Sally or Sarah Hord,   b. Abt 1777, Caroline County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 9 Mar 1797  Caroline County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 

    • Virginia, Marriage Records, 1700-1850 about Sally Hord
      Name: Sally Hord
      Gender: Female
      Marriage Date: 9 Mar 1797
      Marriage Place: Caroline, Virginia
      Spouse Name: Gabriel Slaughter
    Last Modified 7 Sep 2013 
    Family ID F246729425955  Group Sheet

    Family 3 Elizabeth Thompson Rodes,   b. 1770,   d. 1843  (Age 73 years) 
    Last Modified 7 Sep 2013 
    Family ID F246729427338  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 12 Dec 1767 - Culpeper County, Virginia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 9 Mar 1797 - Caroline County, Virginia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 19 Sep 1830 - Mercer County, Kentucky Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Slaughter Family Burial Grounds Cemetery Harrodsburg, Mercer County, Kentucky Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Notes 
    • Ref: "Genealogy of the Hord Family" by Rev. Arnold Harris Hord, 1898
    • From Wikipedia:

      Gabriel Slaughter (December 12, 1767 ? September 19, 1830) was the seventh Governor of Kentucky and was the first person to ascend to that office upon the death of the sitting governor. His family moved to Kentucky from Virginia when he was very young. He became a member of the Kentucky militia, serving throughout his political career. He received a citation from the state legislature in recognition of his service at the Battle of New Orleans.

      After spending a decade in the state legislature, Slaughter was elected the fourth Lieutenant Governor, serving under Charles Scott. With the War of 1812 looming at the end of his tenure, Slaughter ran for governor against Isaac Shelby, the state's first governor and a noted military leader. Shelby beat Slaughter soundly. Four years later, Slaughter was again elected as lieutenant governor, serving under George Madison.

      Madison died a short time into his term, whereupon Slaughter became acting governor. He sought to be sworn in as governor, but public sentiment turned against him when he replaced Shelby's son-in-law with John Pope as Secretary of State. Pope was an unpopular figure in Kentucky and, after his appointment, some in the General Assembly began to call for a special election to replace Slaughter. The measure did not pass, but Slaughter was never able to shed the title of "acting governor." Following his term as governor, Slaughter became a Baptist lay minister and served on the first board of trustees of Georgetown College. He died September 19, 1830 and was buried in his family's cemetery.

      Gabriel Slaughter was born in Culpepper County, Virginia on December 12, 1767, the son of Robert and Susannah (Harrison) Slaughter. He was educated in the county's public schools and worked as a farmer.[1] In 1786, Slaughter married a cousin, Sarah Slaughter, and the couple had two daughters ? Mary Buckner Slaughter and Susan Harrison Slaughter.

      Slaughter's father visited Kentucky as early as 1776, and moved to Mercer County permanently in 1789.[4] In September 1791, Gabriel Slaughter sold his land in Virginia, and he and his family followed his father to Kentucky. He became known for his generosity, and his large mansion on the turnpike to Lexington was nicknamed "Wayfarer's Rest" because of the vast number of travelers that he allowed to stay there.[5] Among his guests was future lieutenant governor Robert B. McAfee. Soon after his arrival in Kentucky, however, his wife Sarah died, leaving Slaughter to care for his two daughters alone.

      In 1795, Slaughter was appointed justice of the peace in Mercer County by Governor Isaac Shelby. The same year, he was also named a tax commissioner for a district of Mercer County.[3] On a return trip to Virginia in 1797, Slaughter married his second wife, Sara Hord. The couple returned to Slaughter's home in Mercer County, where they had three children: John Hord Slaughter, Frances Ann Hord Slaughter, and Felix Grundy Slaughter.
    • National Governors Association Website:

      Office Dates: Oct 14, 1816 - Sep 06, 1820

      Born: Dec 12, 1767
      Passed: Sep 19, 1830
      Birth State: Virginia
      Party: Jeffersonian Republican
      Family: Married three times--Sarah Slaughter, Sarah
      Hord, Elizabeth Rodes; five children
      Military Service: National Guard

      GABRIEL SLAUGHTER was born in Culpeper County, Virginia on December 12, 1767. As a young child, he moved with his family to Kentucky, where he was educated in the rural schools. Slaughter worked as a farmer until 1795, when he secured an appointment as the Mercer County justice of the peace. His military career began in 1803, as lieutenant colonel of the 5th Regiment, 8th Brigade of the Kentucky Militia. He was recognized for his valiant service in the Battle of New Orleans. Slaughter entered politics in 1797, serving as a member of the Kentucky House of Representatives, a position he held until 1800. He also served as a member of the Kentucky State Senate from 1801 to 1808, and was the lieutenant governor of Kentucky from 1808 to 1812, a position he was reelected to in 1816. On October 14, 1816, Governor George Madison passed away, and Slaughter, who was lieutenant governor at the time, assumed the duties of the governorship. However, the legality of this action was questioned, due to the fact that Madison was the first governor to die in office. The legislature did not support the calling of a special election, and the decision for the lieutenant governor to fill the unexpired gubernatorial term prevailed. During Slaughter's tenure, the development of internal improvements was endorsed, and educational advancements were advocated for. Also, during Slaughter's term, the Panic of 1819 and the controversial removal of Charles S. Todd as secretary of state were both dealt with. Three years after leaving office, Slaughter was reelected to the Kentucky House of Representatives. He died on September 19, 1830, and was buried at the family graveyard in Mercer County, Kentucky.


      Sobel, Robert, and John Raimo, eds. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978, Vol. 2, Westport, Conn.; Meckler Books, 1978. 4 vols.

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