Wales, Europe



 



Tree: Eby/Aebi and Bernethy Family
Notes: Wales (Welsh: Cymru;[1] pronounced /ˈkəmrɨ/) Wales is one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom. Wales is closely, but far from completely, integrated politically with England. It is located in the south-west of the island of Great Britain and is bordered by England to the east, the Bristol Channel (Môr Hafren) to the south and the Irish Sea (Môr Iwerddon) to the west and north, and also by the estuary of the River Dee (Afon Dyfrdwy) in the north-east. It shares political and legal structures to varying degrees with Scotland, England and Northern Island.

Welsh cultural identity is represented by elements such as the Welsh language, ancient Welsh festivals and traditions, monastic asceticism, a highly evolved secular legal system (Cyfraith Hywel), and a distinctive literary tradition and culture which emerged after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century. Of the principal polities within Wales, only Gwynedd retained independence until the late 13th century, when it was eventually conquered by England. However, formal annexation and abolition of Welsh law did not take place until the 16th century. Wales (with all regions united under one government) has never been a sovereign state, although a number of internal principalities remained independent until the Anglo-Norman conquest and the Welsh national hero Prince Owain Glyndŵr briefly created an independent Welsh kingdom in the early 15th century.

From the late 18th century, some parts of Wales became heavily industrialised, playing a significant and innovative role in the industrial revolution, as it exported vast quantities of coal and steel and established a large manufacturing base. For a time the capital Cardiff (Caerdydd) had the busiest coal-exporting port in the world. In recent decades, light manufacturing and the service sector replaced heavy industry as Wales experienced the transition to a post-industrial economy. More than 50% of Wales' GDP is generated in Cardiff and the Vale of Glamorgan.[citation needed]

Two thirds of the population of Wales live in south-east Wales (around 1,695,500) and around 2,006,225 in the whole of South Wales. There is further significant population concentration in the north east. The remaining areas in mid Wales, the north west and south west are predominantly rural and characterised by hilly and mountainous terrain.

From the 19th century the notion of a distinctive Welsh polity has emerged. Wales's largest city, Cardiff was formally recognised as the capital of Wales in 1955. A devolved legislature, the National Assembly for Wales (Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru) was formed in 1999, with powers to amend primary legislation from the U.K. Parliament as well as propose and pass its own laws.


Country : Latitude: 52.97841, Longitude: -3.850708


Birth

Matches 1 to 4 of 4

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID   Tree 
1 Cadwallader, Edward Jones  13 Jul 1820Wales, Europe I633174411 Eby/Aebi and Bernethy Family  
2 Davis, Mary  Abt 1775Wales, Europe I644955780 Eby/Aebi and Bernethy Family  
3 Lewis, Nancy Ann  16 May 1742Wales, Europe I618847132 Eby/Aebi and Bernethy Family  
4 Unknown, Mary S  Apr 1848Wales, Europe I272008481070 Eby/Aebi and Bernethy Family  
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