Eleanor or Leonora of England (Queen of Castile)

Female 13 Ocrt 1162 - 1214  (52 years)


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  • Name Eleanor or Leonora of England (Queen of Castile) 
    Born 13 Ocrt 1162  Domfront Castle Domfront, Normandy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Died 31 Oct 1214  Burgos, Burgos, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Abbey of Santa Maria Cemetery Las Huelgas, Burgos, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I757  King of Scots
    Last Modified 15 Feb 2009 

    Father Henry II King of England and Lord of Ireland,   b. 05 Mar 1133, Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 06 Jul 1189, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Mother Eleanor of Aquitaine (Queen of England),   b. 1122, Chateau De Belin, Bordeaux, Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 01 Apr 1204, Fontevraud Abbey Fontevraud-l'Abbaye, Chinon, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years) 
    Married 18 May 1152 
    Family ID F307  Group Sheet

    Family Alfonso VIII King of Castile,   b. 11 Nov 1155,   d. 05 Oct 1214, Gutierre-Muñoz, Avila, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Married Sep 1180  Burgos, Burgos, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 15 Feb 2009 
    Family ID F309  Group Sheet

  • Headstones
    Alfonso VIII and Eleanor of England
    Alfonso VIII and Eleanor of England
    Personal Collection

  • Notes 
    • Eleanor of England (later Leonora; 13 October 1162 ? 31 October 1214) was Queen of Castile as wife of Alfonso VIII of Castile.

      She was born in the castle at Domfront, Normandy, and was baptised by Henry of Marcy. She was the sixth child and second daughter of King Henry II of England and his wife Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine. Her godfather was the chronicler Robert of Torigny, who had a special interest in her and recorded her life as best he could. She received her first name as a namesake of her mother, whose name "Eleanor" (or Alienor) had previously been unrecorded though may have been related to the Greek Helen or the Italian Elena. Another view holds that in the Occitan language, Eleanor simply meant "the other Aenor," since Eleanor of Aquitaine was named for her mother, called Aenor.

      Eleanor was a younger maternal half-sister of Marie de Champagne and Alix of France. She was a younger sister of William, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda, Duchess of Saxony, Richard I of England and Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany. She was also an older sister of Joan of Sicily and John of England.

      When she was eighteen years old, in September 1180, she was married to Alfonso VIII. The marriage was arranged to secure the Pyrennean border, with Gascony offered as her dowry.

      Of all Eleanor of Aquitaine's daughters, her namesake Eleanor (who was called Leonor by her Spanish subjects) best inherited her mother's political influence. She reigned alongside her husband, who specified in his will that she was to rule alongside their son in the event of his death. It was she who persuaded him to marry their daughter Berenguela to the king of Leon in the interest of peace.

      When Alfonso died, his queen was reportedly so devastated with grief that she was unable to preside over the burial. Their daughter Berenguela instead performed these honors. Leonora then took sick and died only twenty-eight days after her husband, and was buried at Las Huelgas abbey in Burgos.


      Children
      Berenguela, Queen of Castile (August 1180 - 8 November 1246), married King Alfonso IX of Leon
      Sancho of Castile (born & died 1181)
      Sancha of Castile (1182 - 3 February 1184)
      Henry of Castile (born & died 1184)
      Urraca of Castile (1186-1220), married King Alfonso II of Portugal
      Blanca of Castile (4 March 1188 - 26 November 1252), married King Louis VIII of France
      Fernando of Castile (29 September 1189 - 1211)
      Mafalda of Castile (1191-1204)
      Constance of Castile (1195-1198)
      Leonor of Castile (1200-1244), married King James I of Aragon
      Constanza, nun at Las Huelgas (1201-1243)
      Henry I, King of Castile (14 April 1204 - 1217)

      Sources
      Fraser, Antonia. The Middle Ages, A Royal History of England.
      Gillingham, John. "Events and Opinions: Norman and English Views of Aquitaine, c.1152?c.1204." The World of Eleanor of Aquitaine: Literature and Society in Southern France between the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries, edd. Marcus Bull and Catherine Léglu. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2005. ISBN 1 84383 114 7.
      Rada Jiménez, Rodrigo. Historia de los hechos de España.
      Wheeler, Bonnie, and Parsons, John Carmi. Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady. 2002


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