Duncan (Donnchad mac Maíl ) Canmore

Male Bef 1060 - 1094  (~ 34 years)


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  • Name Duncan (Donnchad mac Maíl ) Canmore 
    Born Bef 1060 
    Gender Male 
    Died 12 Nov 1094 
    Buried Dunfermline Abbey Cemetery (Holy Trinity Church) Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I319  King of Scots
    Last Modified 28 Jan 2009 

    Father Malcolm III Canmore (King of Scotland), ,   b. 1031, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Nov 1093, Alnwick, Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Mother Ingibiorg Finnsdottir,   b. 1058,   d. 1069  (Age 11 years) 
    Family ID F133  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Dunfermline Abbey Cemetery (Holy Trinity Church) Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland Link to Google Earth
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    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Duncan Canmore
    Duncan Canmore
    Personal Collection

  • Notes 
    • Donnchad mac Maíl Coluim (Modern Gaelic: Donnchadh mac Mhaoil Chaluim)[1] anglicised as Duncan II (before c. 1060 ? 12 November 1094) was king of Scots. He was son of Malcolm III (Máel Coluim mac Donnchada) and his first wife Ingibiorg Finnsdottir, widow of Thorfinn Sigurdsson.

      Early life
      Duncan was given into the keeping of William I of England in 1072 as a hostage, and spent many years at court, where he was exposed to the newly arrived Norman culture. His father, who had many sons, appears to have made no effort to obtain Duncan's return. By the reign of William II, Duncan was probably a member of the Norman court rather than a hostage, and he was knighted by the English King.

      His father's chosen successor was Duncan's half-brother Edward, who died in the same combat during the invasion of Northumbria in 1093 as did Malcolm III. Malcolm was succeeded by his brother Donalbane (Domnall Bán mac Donnchada), who reigned as Donald III, and Malcolm's other sons joined their half-brother Duncan in England.

      Rule
      Duncan received William II's tacit support for the Scottish kingship, but the English king did not extend direct support, as he planned a campaign in Normandy. It is probably in the period 1093?1094 that Duncan married Uchtreda of Northumbria, daughter of Gospatric, Earl of Dunbar and Northumbria, although an earlier betrothal has been proposed. Accompanied by his Anglo-Norman followers, and perhaps by the elder of his half-brothers, Duncan easily defeated Donalbane in the early summer of 1094, but appears to have had little support north of the Forth, being reliant on his Northumbrian, English and Norman allies.

      Death
      A revolt later in 1094 was directed against Duncan's followers rather than the new king, but many of the Normans were killed and the rest sent away in order to settle the revolt. Donalbane's supporters appear to have rallied again, and Duncan was murdered late in 1094 by Máel Petair, Mormaer of Mearns. He was buried at Dunfermline Abbey.


      Legacy
      His son by Uchtreda, William fitz Duncan, was a prominent figure during the reigns of Duncan's half-brothers Alexander and David.


      References
      ^ Donnchad mac Maíl Coluim is the Mediaeval Gaelic form
      Barrow, G.W.S., The Kingdom of the Scots. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2003. ISBN 0-7486-1803-1
      Duncan, A.A.M., The Kingship of the Scots 842?1292: Succession and Independence. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2002. ISBN 0-7486-1626-8
      Oram, Richard, David I: The King Who Made Scotland. Tempus, Stroud, 2004. ISBN 0-7524-2825-X


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