Earl of Carrick David Bruce (King of Scotland), II

Male 1324 - 1371  (46 years)


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  • Name Earl of Carrick David Bruce (King of Scotland), II 
    Title Earl of Carrick 
    Suffix II 
    Born 05 Mar 1324 
    Gender Male 
    Died 22 Feb 1371  Edinburgh Castle Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Holyrood Abbey Cemetery Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I300  King of Scots
    Last Modified 1 Feb 2009 

    Father Robert (The Bruce) Bruce (7th Lord of Annandale),   b. 11 Jul 1274, Turnberry, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 07 Jun 1329, Cardross, Dumbarton, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth de Burgh,   b. 1289, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Oct 1327, Cullen Castle Cullen, Banffshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Married 1302  Writtle, Essex County, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F123  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Joan of (Plantagenet) England (Joan of the Tower) (Queen of Scotland),   b. 05 Jul 1321, Tower of London London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Sep 1362, Hertford Castle Hertford, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years) 
    Married 17 Jul 1328  Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northcumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 29 Jan 2009 
    Family ID F138  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Margaret Drummond,   b. Abt 1340,   d. 31 Jan 1375  (Age ~ 35 years) 
    Married 20 Feb 1364  Inchmarnock, Fife, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Divorced 20 Mar 1369 
    Last Modified 29 Jan 2009 
    Family ID F139  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 17 Jul 1328 - Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northcumberland, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 20 Feb 1364 - Inchmarnock, Fife, Scotland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 22 Feb 1371 - Edinburgh Castle Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Holyrood Abbey Cemetery Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Link to Google Earth
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    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    David Bruce
    David Bruce
    Personal Collection

  • Notes 
    • Daibhidh a Briuis (Modern Gaelic: Dàibhidh Bruis),[2] anglicised as David II (5 March 1324 ? 22 February 1371), was King of Scotland between 7 June 1329 and 22 February 1371.

      Early life

      Dunfermline Palace, just visible to the right, birthplace of David Bruce.David II was the elder and only surviving son of Robert I of Scotland and his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh. He was born on 5 March 1324 at Dunfermline Palace, Fife. His mother died in 1327.[3] In accordance with the Treaty of Northampton's terms, David was married on 17 July 1328 to Joan of the Tower, daughter of Edward II of England and Isabella of France, at Berwick-upon-Tweed. They had no issue.[4]

      Reign
      David became king of Scotland upon the death of his father on 7 June 1329, aged 5 years, 3 months, and 3 days. David and his Queen were crowned at Scone on 24 November 1331.[5]

      During David's minority, Sir Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray was appointed Guardian of Scotland by the Act of Settlement of 1318. After Moray's death, on 20 July 1332, he was replaced by Donald, Earl of Mar, elected by an assembly of the magnates of Scotland at Perth, 2 August 1332. Only ten days later Mar fell at the Battle of Dupplin Moor. Sir Andrew Moray of Bothwell, who was married to Christian, the sister of King Robert I (her third husband), was chosen as the new Guardian. He was taken prisoner by the English at Roxburgh in April 1333 and was thence replaced as Guardian by Sir Archibald Douglas who fell at Halidon Hill that July.[6]

      Meanwhile, on 24 September 1332, following the Scots' defeat at Dupplin, Edward Balliol a protégé of Edward III of England, was crowned King of the Scots at Scone by the English and his Scots adherents. By December, however, Balliol was forced to flee to England but returned the following year as part of an invasion force led by the English king.[7] Following the victory of this force at the Battle of Halidon Hill in July 1333, David and his Queen were sent for safety into France, reaching Boulogne on 14 May 1334,[8] and being received very graciously by the French king, Philip VI. Little is known about the life of the Scottish king in France, except that Château-Gaillard was given to him for a residence, and that he was present at the bloodless meeting of the English and French armies in October 1339 at Vironfosse, now known as Buironfosse, in the Arrondissement of Vervins.

      Meanwhile David's representatives had once again obtained the upper hand in Scotland, and the king was able to return to his kingdom, landing at Inverbervie in Kincardineshire on 2 June 1341, when he took the reins of government into his own hands.

      In 1346 under the terms of the Auld Alliance, he invaded England in the interests of France, but was defeated and taken prisoner by John Coupeland at the Battle of Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346,[9] and remained in England for eleven years, living principally in London, at Odiham Castle in Hampshire and Windsor Castle in Berkshire. His imprisonment was not a rigorous one, and negotiations for his release were soon begun.

      Eventually, on 3 October 1357, after several interruptions, a treaty was signed at Berwick-upon-Tweed by which the Scottish estates undertook to pay 100,000 marks as a ransom for their king. This was ratified by parliament at Scone on 6 November 1357.

      David returned at once to Scotland; but owing to the poverty of the kingdom it was found impossible to raise the ransom. A few instalments were paid, but the king sought to get rid of the liability by offering to make Edward III, or one of his sons, his successor in Scotland. In 1364 the Scottish parliament indignantly rejected a proposal to make Lionel, Duke of Clarence, the next king; but David negotiated secretly with Edward III over this matter, after he had suppressed a rising of some of his unruly nobles.

      He remarried about 20 February 1364, Margaret Drummond, widow of Sir John Logie, Knt., and daughter of Sir Malcolm Drummond, Knt. He divorced her about 20 March 1370. They had no issue.[10][4] Margaret, however, travelled to Avignon and made a successful appeal to the Pope to reverse the sentence of divorce which had been pronounced against her in Scotland. She was still alive in January 1375.[11]

      Death
      David II died unexpectedly and at the height of his power in Edinburgh Castle on 22 February 1371. He was buried in Holyrood Abbey.[10][4] At the time of his death, he was planning to marry his mistress, Agnes Dunbar (daughter of Agnes Dunbar, 4th Countess of Moray). He left no children and was succeeded by his nephew, Robert II. He was the last male of the House of Bruce.

      References
      David Nash Ford (2004). Royal Berkshire History: David II, King of Scots (1324-1371).
      John of Fordun (1871?72). Chronica gentis Scotorum, edited by W. F. Skene. Edinburgh.
      John Hill Burton. (1905). History of Scotland, vol. ii. Edinburgh.
      Andrew Lang. (1900). History of Scotland, vol. i. Edinburgh.
      Andrew of Wyntoun. (1872?79). The orygynale cronykil of Scotland, edited by D. Laing Edinburgh.
      This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.


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